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But just how can you create a system Which Has a decentralized ledger How can you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them too much powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their work
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves that in a very creative way I like to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of all Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do so. All you need is to suppose a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds easy, right
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Of course, this guessing is all done by your PC. The stronger your computer is, the further guesses you can make in one second, increasing your chances of winning this game. If you manage to guess right, you earn bitcoins and have to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining computer comes up with the right guess, your mining system determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this cube represents the moment of glory, as youve now develop into a temporary banker of Bitcoin who gets to update the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve created, along with your solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can affirm it. Its somewhat much like some Rubiks cube: The solution is very hard to achieve but quite easy to validate.
3. Every computer which validates your solution updates its copy of the Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions you chose to include in the block.
4. The system generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and rewards them to you as compensation for the time and energy you spent solving the math problem.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees which were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. All the transactions in the cube youve only entered are now confirmed from the Bitcoin network and therefore are virtually navigate to these guys irreversible.
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So thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining because of the fact that this procedure helps mine new Bitcoins from the system. But if you think about it, the mining component is merely a by-product of this transaction confirmation procedure. Therefore the name is somewhat misleading, since the main objective of mining is to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a type of guessing, for each block, a different miner will suppose the number and be granted the right to upgrade the blockchain. Obviously, that the miners with more computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the exact same miner will succeed every time. .
Now that you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a way that the more mining energy the network gets, the harder it is to imagine the answer to the mining math problem. So the difficulty of the mining process is actually self-adjusting into the gathered mining power the network owns. .
If more miners join, it is going to get more difficult to address the problem; if many of them drop off, it is going to get easier. This can be known as mining difficulty.
Well, he wanted to create a steady stream of new bitcoins into the computer system. In a sense, this has been done to keep inflation in check. Mining difficulty is set so that, on average, a new block will be added each ten minutes (i.e., the number will probably be guessed every ten minutes on average). .
Now, remember, this is on average. We can have two blocks being added minute after minute and then wait an hour to the next block. In the long run, this may even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this kind of self-adjusting mechanism has created a type of arms race to get the most efficient and strong miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a great deal of miners out there. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a few the only individuals mining Bitcoin back in the time using their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was low. Since Bitcoin began to catch on, folks looked for more potent mining solutions.