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However, how can you create a system that has a decentralized ledger How do you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them too much powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their work
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves that in a Really creative way I like to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In short, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of all Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. All you need is to suppose a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds simple, right
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Obviously, this guessing is done by your PC. The stronger your computer is, the more supposes you can create in a second, increasing your chances of winning this game. If you manage to guess correctly, you earn bitcoins and have to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining pc comes up with the right suspect, your mining system determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this cube represents the moment of glory, as youve now become a temporary banker of Bitcoin who gets to update the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve generated, along with your solution, is sent to the entire network so other computers can affirm it. Its a bit much like some Rubiks cube: The solution is very tough to attain but very easy to validate.
3. Each computer which validates your solution updates its copy of this Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions you opted to include in the block.
4. The machine generates a predetermined amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them as compensation for the time and energy you spent solving the math issue.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees that were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. All the transactions in the cube youve just entered are now confirmed by the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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So thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining because of the simple fact that this procedure helps mine new Bitcoins from the system. But if you think about it, the mining part is just a by-product of this transaction confirmation procedure. So that the name is a bit misleading, since the main objective of mining is to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a form of guessing, for each block, a different miner will guess the number and be granted the right to update the blockchain. Of course, that the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the law of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the same miner will succeed each time. .
Now you know what Bitcoin mining is, you may be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a manner that the more mining energy the network has, the harder it is to imagine the answer to the mining mathematics issue. So the difficulty of this mining process is really self-adjusting into the accumulated mining capability the network possesses. .
If more miners join, it will get more difficult to address the problem; when many of them drop off, it will get a fantastic read easier. This is known as mining difficulty.
Well, he wanted to make a steady flow of new bitcoins into the system. In a sense, this has been done to keep inflation in check. Mining issue is set so that, on average, a new block will be inserted every ten minutes (i.e., the number is going to probably be guessed each ten minutes on average). .
Now, rememberthis is on average. We can have two blocks being inserted minute after minute and then wait an hour try this out to the next block. In the long run, this may even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this type of self-adjusting mechanism has created a sort of arms race to acquire the most efficient and strong miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a lot of miners out there. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a few the only individuals mining Bitcoin back at the time using their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was low. Since Bitcoin started to catch on, folks looked for more powerful mining solutions.