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However, how do you create a system Which Has a decentralized ledger How can you give someone the ability to upgrade the ledger without giving them too much powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their work
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves that in a very creative way I like to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. Whatever you need is to guess a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds easy, right
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Obviously, this guessing is all done by your PC. The more powerful your computer is, the further guesses you can create in one second, increasing your chances of winning this game. If you manage to figure right, you earn bitcoins and have to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining computer comes up with the ideal suspect, your mining program determines which of the current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this block represents the moment of glory, as youve now develop into a temporary banker of Bitcoin who has to update the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve created, along with your solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can affirm it. Its a bit similar to some Rubiks cube: The solution is very tough to attain but very easy to validate.
3. Every computer that validates your solution upgrades its copy of this Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions you chose to include in the block.
4. The system generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them as compensation for time and energy you spent solving the math issue.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees that were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. Each of the transactions in the block youve just entered are now confirmed from the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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Therefore thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining due to the simple fact that this procedure helps mine new Bitcoins from the computer system. But if you think about it, the mining component is merely a by-product of this transaction confirmation procedure. Therefore that the name is somewhat misleading, since the main objective of mining is to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a form of guessing, for each block, a different miner will guess the number and be granted the right to update the blockchain. Of course, the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the regulation of Crypto Coins List statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the exact same miner will succeed every time. .
Now that you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a way that the further mining energy the network gets, the harder it is to imagine the answer to the mining mathematics problem. So the difficulty of the mining method is really self-adjusting into the accumulated mining power the network possesses. .
If more miners join, it will get more difficult to solve the issue; when many of them fall off, it will get easier. This is known as mining issue.
He wanted to make a steady flow of new bitcoins into the system. In a sense, this was done to keep inflation in check. Mining difficulty is set so that, on average, a new block will be added each ten minutes (i.e., the number is going to be guessed each ten minutes on average). .
Now, rememberthis is on average. We can have two blocks being added minute after minute and then wait an hour to the next block. In the long run, this will even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this kind of self-adjusting mechanism has created a type of arms race to get the most efficient and powerful miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a lot of miners on the market. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and his friend Hal Finney were a few the only people mining Bitcoin back at the time using their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was low. Since Bitcoin started to catch on, folks looked for more potent mining solutions.