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But how can you create a system that has a decentralized ledger How can you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them a lot of powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their job
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves this in a Really creative manner I like to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In short, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of all Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. All you need is to guess a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds easy, right
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Obviously, this guessing is done by your PC. The more powerful your computer is, the further guesses you can create in one second, increasing your chances of winning this game. If you manage to figure correctly, you earn bitcoins and have to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining computer comes up with the right guess, your mining system determines which of the current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this cube represents the moment of glory, as youve now become a temporary banker of Bitcoin who gets to update the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve generated, along with the solution, is sent to the entire network so other computers can affirm it. Its a bit similar to some Rubiks cube: The solution is very hard to achieve but very easy to validate.
3. Each computer which validates your solution updates its copy of the Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions that you chose to include in the block.
4. The system generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and rewards them as compensation for time and energy you spent solving the math problem.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees which were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. Each of the transactions in the cube youve only entered are now confirmed from the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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Therefore thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining because of the fact that this process helps mine new Bitcoins from the system. But if you think about it, the mining component is merely a by-product of the transaction confirmation process. So that the name is somewhat misleading, since the main goal of mining would be to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based web on a type of guessing, for each block, a different miner will guess the number and be granted the right to upgrade the blockchain. Of course, the miners with more computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the same miner will succeed each time. .
Now that you know what Bitcoin mining is, you may be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the principles for mining in a way that the more mining power the network gets, the harder it is to guess the answer to the mining mathematics problem. Therefore the difficulty of the mining process is actually self-adjusting into the gathered mining capability the network owns. .
If more miners join, it will get harder to address the problem; when many of them drop off, it will get easier. This is known as mining issue.
Well, he wanted to create a steady flow of new bitcoins into the computer system. In a sense, this was done to keep inflation in check. Mining difficulty is set so that, on average, a new block will be inserted each ten minutes (i.e., the number is going to probably be guessed every ten minutes on average). .
Now, remember, this is on average. We can have two cubes being inserted minute after minute and then wait an hour to the next block. In the long run, this may even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this type of self-adjusting mechanism has created a sort of arms race to get the most efficient and strong miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first browse around these guys started out, there werent a great deal of miners on the market. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a few the only people mining Bitcoin back at the time using their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining issue was low. As Bitcoin began to catch on, people looked for more powerful mining solutions.